Location: Parnassus Mountain
Entrance Orientation: S
Entrance Altitude: 1644m asl
Cave Formation: Horizontal
Cave Map: pending
Main Research Years:
Occupation Eras and Dates: P; M; EN; MN; EHII; Myceneaen I-III; 8th – 4th Centuries B.C.
Trantalidou, K., Belegrinou, E., and Andreasen, N. 2010. Pastoral societies in the southern Balkan Peninsula: The evidence from caves occupied during the Neolithic and the Chalcolithic era, Phenomena of Cultural Borders and Border Cultures across the Passage of the Time. In Anodos 10, 295-320. Trnava University.
Cave Description: Maximum dimensions are 60x26m.
Research Chronicles and Data: This cave has evidence for dwelling usages such as hearths and pits that have been found and dated to the Neolithic. In other historical periods, stairs and niches were cut into the rock, this is similar to other caves like Nympholyptos at Vari or the Ellinokamara cave at Kasos. There is also an altar outside the cave.
Cave Uses: Agropastoral (A.a) - Due to the hearth, dwelling was assumed as a primary use of the cave by Neolithic herders during the summer time as transhumants sought out grass to feed their flocks. As this cave is so similar to others, we can expect that the cave had an organised storage system that was in use like the other caves in the Parnassus Mountain until the last century. During the historical period the cave was sacred which is assumed because of the alter outside.