Entrance Altitude: 800m asl
Cave Formation: Horizontal.
Cave Map: pending
Main Research Years:
Occupation Eras and Dates:
EN; MN; LNIb. 5700-5500BC; 4600-4200BC
Trantalidou, K., Belegrinou, E., and Andreasen, N. 2010. Pastoral societies in the southern Balkan Peninsula: The evidence from caves occupied during the Neolithic and the Chalcolithic era, Phenomena of Cultural Borders and Border Cultures across the Passage of the Time. In Anodos 10, 295-320. Trnava University.
Cave Description: The cave is located on the west side of the Helmos mountain, Kalavryta. The length of the cave is 2100m, it runs along an ancient river bed. Only the first hall was occupied and excavated.
Research Chronicles and Data: Outside the cave, the foundations of buildings have been found. Within the cave, there is an abundance of pithoi vases, and a few ash hearths on a living floor.
Cave Uses: Storage (A.b) - As it is on a river bed, the cave was only used during dry periods. The driest time period in the caves occupation dates is the LNIb. Due to the amount of vases, it would be easy to assume that the cave was mainly used for storage purposes. During the bronze age there is evidence that the cave was used for mortuary practices, and much more recently than this, in the 19th Century AD, when the river had dried up, the cave was probably used as a animal pen.