Location: left bank of the Trebisnjica river
Entrance Orientation: SW
Entrance Altitude: 700 m asl
Cave Formation: Horizontal
Main Research Years: 1954 – 1956; 2004-2006
Occupation Eras and Dates: Mesolithic 8000 - 6460 cal BC
Markovic, C. 1985. The Neolithic of Montenegro. Belgrade: University of Belgrade
Bakovic, M., Mihailovic, B., Mihailovic, D., Morley, M., Vusovic-Lucic, Z., Whallon, R. and Woodward, J. 2009. Crvena Stijena excavations 2004-2006, preliminary report. Eurasian Prehistory 6 (1-2), 3-31.
Cave Description: The cave is located on the left bank of the Trebisnjica river, today Lake Bileca. The cave opens high on the limestone hill and has a mouth 26m wide. It is 15m wide toward the front of the cave and 20-25m at lower depths. The known archaeological layers reach a depth of 20m.
Research chronicles and data: There are only Holocene layers near the entrance. Further into the cave are 20/30m thick deposits with 31 cultural layers forming 15 different strata. (Markovic 1985, 91).
256 1-2cm pot sherds were found through sieving the western part of site, which date to the Early and Middle Neolithic and to stratum I EBA/BA/EIA.
Sieving produced over 3000 flaked lithic artefacts and several dozen bone and antler artefacts from the Western side of the shelter. Flakes predominate at 72% of the artefacts found and 11% tools. Of the bone and antler there were 12 points/awls, 14 projectiles, 2 polishing tools, 2 perforated bone items and a number of cervid/caprid antler/horn with traces of use. There was a large number of fragments of bone projectiles with elongated bevelled bases similar to those found in earlier excavations.
Stratum IV – Mesolithic
Stratum III – Early Neolithic – Stage 1 of Adriatic Neolithic. Pottery. No remains of domestic animals.
Stratum II – Middle Neolithic (of Montenegrian Coast or Dalmatia)
Stratum I – EBA / developed BA / EIA
Continuity between Mesolithic and Neolithic archaeological material.
(Markovic 1985, 92)