Entrance Orientation: N
Cave Formation: Horizontal
Cave Map: N/A
Main Research Years:
Occupation Dates and Eras:
P, N, BA, IA
Mikov, V. and Dzjambazov, N. 1960. Devetaschkata Peschiera. Sofia.
Cave Description: Large chamber 60-100m high and 30 to 80m
Research Chronicles and Data: Two Palaeolithic layers have been identified, one attributed to the Mousterian on the basis of lithic typology and one to the Upper Palaeolithic.
In the central hall an area of 250m sq was excavated. A mid - late Neolithic deposit was apparent from a depth of 0.2 - 0.8m. Traces of kilns were found and various tools were excavated there such as axes, flints, blades and scrapers, bone-punches, chisels and polishers, as well as ceramics.
The ceramics included vases belonging to three different groups:
1. Clay pots mixed with sand and straw, they were rough and decorated with a pale red colour with quite simple incised lines.
2. Mixed clay vases with grains of sand and crushed shards, they are reddish with 4 handles.
3. Clay mixed with sand, crushed shards, a smooth red walls, obtained by angobe, painted white. The archaeological inventory delivered by this layer is similar to that of Presesklo, Starcevo, Srvia etc., and must be dated middle Neolithic.
The upper Neolithic is weakly represented, the layer has a thickness that reaches barely 0.1m. We only collected a few shards of a vase with thick clay walls, the surface was smooth with a dark brown colour decorated with incised bands shaped spirals or meanders.
The E-neolithic layer is the one that occupies the largest area, It has a thickness of 0.2 to 1.4m. This is where the excavators collected the largest amount of artefacts implying that residential foundations were built, such as tools, ceramics, ornaments, and figurines.
The excavations have uncovered the foundations of three houses and ovens remains. The tools, consisting of stone axes, adzes, chisels, hoes, hammers, grinding, mortars, polishers, flint knives, scrapers and arrow-heads, spear points, and punches, all fully correspond to the catalogue of tools in E-neolithic settlements in the south-east of Europe.
Ceramics such as clay vases, spindle whorls, weights and human figurines have also been found. Most of the vases, their technique, their shape and ornamentation resemble pottery that was found in the tells; a small part is similar to findings of E-neolithic settlements of Western Balkan regions.