Location: Above the source of the Cetina
Entrance Orientation: N
Cave Formation: Horizontal
Main Research Years: 1776; 1874; 1966; 1973; 1977
Occupation Eras and Dates: Lower Palaeolithic; Upper Palaeolithic; Mesolithic; Neolithic. 5123 +- 85 BP; 7010 +-90 BP
Malez, M. ???. Gospodska Pecina- Novi lokalitet Paleolitika u Dalmaciji. Vjesnik Za Arheolojilu I Historijo Dalmatinsko LXIX
Dinij, J. and Manojlovic, N. 1966. Gospodska pecina. Nase jame 8, (1-2), 38-42. Ljubljana.
Jalzic, B. 1973a. Gospodka pecina kod izvora Cetine. Nase planine 25 (9-10), 199-201. Zagreb.
Jalzic, B. 1973b. Rudelica pecina na izvora Cetine. Speleolog 20-21, 7-10. Zagreb.
Jalzic, B. 1977a. Ivan Lovric – prvi hrvatski sitrazivac spilja. Speleolog 24-25, 21-22. Zagreb.
Jalzic, B. 1977b. Najnovija istrazivanja spilja oko izvora rijeke Cetine. Speleolog 24-25, 21-22. Zagreb.
Marovic, I. ????. Resultats du sondage archeologique de Godspodska pecina proche de la source de lat Cetina. Vjesnik Za Arheolojilu I Historijo Dalmatinsko LXIX, 13-
Cave Description: The initial part of the cave has several lateral passages and canals branching off the shape of a spacious irregular hall with a total length of more than 500 metres. The floor of the hall is more or less horizontally filled with Quaternary sediments which are in places covered by stalagmites.
Research Chronicles and Data: First recorded and investigated by Lovrich (1776) and first quarternary geological investigations in Croatia took place in Gospodska Pecina in 1874 by J. Woldrich. Woldrich dug a test probe through several deposits – near the top of which were ceramics and ruminant faunal remains and cavebear cranial fragments in the lower deposits.
Recent speleological investigation was carried out by Dinic and Manolovic (1966) and Jalzic (1973a, 1973b, 1977a, 1977b). The investigations carried out in October 1977 were for quarternary geological, paleontological and Palaeolithic research purposes.
Along the eastern wall of the cave a test pit was excavated and eight stratigraphic deposits were identified. These sedimentary deposits date from the 3 warm stadial to the end of the Holocene and approximately cover the last 25,000 years. The deposits of the Late Glacial and early Holocene are particularly well documented palaeontologically.
A lithic artefact that is wide and flat was found in the end of the input cavity and interpreted as having been washed in. This artefact was attributed as a Levallois tip from the Lower Palaeolithic.
In the middle part of the stratum b an oven zone is embedded, which shares this deposit into an upper and lower part. The coal this hearth was studied with the method of radioactive carbon and the obtained value for the absolute age of 5,123 + - 85 years before the present time. This value obtained for the absolute age referred very well the time limit between the segregating and depositing the sintered deposit in the form of sg 'Mountain milk' the older and younger Atlantic climate phase, ie of the lower and upper part of the stratum b.
“This, as the other ceramics from the layer B, which the report also classify fragments in young Neolithic, perhaps it belongs to a previously undefined neolitiickoj phase between the end of the coastal production medium, ie the beginning of the later Neolithic and those in the hinterland, on the continent. All of this remains in the domain of the assumption that a richer nalaziste or more extensive work in the gentleman's cave these assumptions do not confirm or reject.
In favor of the assumption that some ceramic fragments were somewhat older cite two bone powers as are similar to those from Gospodska cave (Fig. 2 / 1-2) found in Smilcicu) and Obrima) in the layers of the Early Neolithic.
…. The discovery of the Neolithic stations in Gospodska cave as well as those in nearby Rudelić cave (hamlet Vukovici, both in v. Cetina), then Water caves and cave Dungeon (both in Bitelic, north c. Of Sinj) and two stations north of Split (Klis is Mosor) discovered recently) with all of insufficient exploration of the region in the Neolithic are certainly interesting contribution to better understanding of connections and relationships neoliticara Adriatic hinterland to the population of coastal areas such with those of central Bosnia…..” (Markovic 23)
The other sample in which the absolute age by means of the method of the radioactive carbon was examined, and the obtained, the lower part of the stratum c was removed. This stratum consists of burnt, sandy loam, which contains many coal particles in the lower part, further carbon splitter un dust and charred fragments of animal bones. The collected pieces of coal were used for analysis and by measurement of radioactive carbon, the absolute value of 7010 was + - 90 years won what marks the beginning of younger boreal climate phase in these regions. This deposit contained faunal remains of Cervus sp. and Capreolus sp.
Neolithic ceramic fragments were also found.
Startum a: humic soil is fine corrosive rounded stones, fragments of pottery and bones of various domesticated animals from faun community younger Holocene (canis familiaris of. intermedius, sus sp., Cervus elaphus, Bos taurus brachiceros, Capra hircus and Ovis aries), the thickness of 28cm - supboreal to suprecent.
Stratum b: sintered plate extracted as 'mountain milk' with 5cm thick zone of homes in the middle, without findings, the total thickness of 25 cm - old and young atlantikum.
Stratum c: scorched pjeskuljasta loam with lots of chunks of coal and slightly burned bones of wild boars, deer and roe deer, faun community elder Holocene extreme forest biotope (Lepus euopaeus, canis lupus, vulpes vulpes crucijera, sus scrofa, Cervus elaphus and Capreolus capreolus), the thickness of 15cm - young boreal
Markovic: Neolithic horizon begins at a depth of 85 cm. In the lower part of the horizon, ie. 85-60 cm was found, compared to the upper layers, rather small number of ceramic fragments. I have the impression that the findings of this section, which stands as a layer-A, was somewhat older than those that follow, which are labeled as layer-B.