Location: Srbani, Brtonigla
Entrance Orientation: S
Entrance Altitude: 48 m asl
Cave Formation: Horizontal
Main Research years: 1974, 1975;
Occupation Eras and Dates: Eneolithic; Bronze Age; Roman; Medieval
Cuka, M. 2009. A typological analysis of selected prehistoric pottery fragments from Pecina Ispod Sela Srbani. Historia Archaeologia 40, 13-44.
Cave Description: The cave is located under the village. On the northern ridge of the Mirna Valley, in the cliffs, approximately 500 meters to the east from the hillock of Sveti Juraj. It is characterized by two entrances ( a vertical and a horizontal one) and two somewhat larger chambers that are mutually connected with a low and narrow passage. THe vertical entrance is 1.2m wide and approx. 5-6m deep. The horizontal entrance that is oriented towards the south is 4.7m long, 1.7m high, and gets smaller towards the interior. In front of the first chamber is an access area measuring 5 x 4 m, with a height of approximately 5 to 6 m, bearing in mind that it is diminishing towards the interior, and that it at the same time represents the bottom of the vertical entrance into the cave. The first chamber measures 10 x 4 x 5m, and the other smaller one 4 x 4 m, with a height of approximately 5 to 6 m. The corridor that connects the first and second chamber is approximately 1.5 m high. The total length of the cave measures approximately 35 to 40 m, however, we should stress that we can only speculate about its precise length as the cave was not speleologically explored and there exists a possibility that it extends itself towards the north. In its widened sections it is approximately 6 m high.
The interior, almost level surface, and the fact that it is situated amongst cliffs make it impossible for water to collect and it is, therefore, almost dry notwithstanding that in some parts of the chambers there is water dripping in from the ceiling. Large stones that caved in from the ceiling cover the ground in the access area, whereas the remaining surface is covered mainly by loose earth. Animal traces are visible in the first chamber. The chambers are in total darkness as daylight enters only through the horizontal entrance. In the access area we witnessed recent traces of fire; graffiti from the 19th century are preserved on the chamber walls.
Research Chronicles and Data: Small-scale rescue excavations were carried out by Boris Bacic in 1974 and 1975. 1974). In accordance with a report issued in 1974, Baćić placed the test excavation far from the entrance, at the very end of the long chamber, alongside the edge of the bottom of the cave, which is located in total darkness. Pottery was separated according to relative depths, i.e. measuring approximately 30 cm at a time, and the final relative depth that Baćić reached in the course of his excavations amounted to 4.30 m. 73).During his excavations Baćić did not arrive to the end of the culture layer and so it is feasible that the cave hides still older archaeological finds.
Typological analysis of the finds were carried out more recently and showed evidence of the presence of Nakovana culture elements.