Location: Archagellos, Dodecanese Islands
Entrance Altitude: 140m asl
Cave Formation: Horizontal
Cave Map: pending
Main Research Years:
Occupation Eras and Dates: Mid-Late Aegean Neolithic; LBA (briefly); Hellenistic Period.
Trantalidou, K., Belegrinou, E., and Andreasen, N. 2010. Pastoral societies in the southern Balkan Peninsula: The evidence from caves occupied during the Neolithic and the Chalcolithic era, Phenomena of Cultural Borders and Border Cultures across the Passage of the Time. In Anodos 10, 295-320. Trnava University.
Cave Description: The cave is located on the East coast of Rhodes, a precipitous location. The cave has 3 chambers.
Research Chronicles and Data: The cave has been excavated to a depth of 2.6m. In that space, the excavators uncovered four floors, with post holes on the second floor and several hearths. What separates the Neolithic floors is a thin layer of rain-washed ash. This suggests that the cave was used periodically. Above the Neolithic levels within the cave, it seem that the cave was filled with a thick deposit of volcanic ash from the Santorini volcano. The tephra clearly came into the cave through the entrance and some holes in the roof as a result of the sudden and violent downpour. To determine what the cave was used for, the burnt layers of the floor should be re-examined, in order for us to determine whether the cave was used to hold animals, or something a bit different to the other caves in the Archagellos area.
Cave Uses: Storage (A.b) - Due to the layers of rain-washed ash, the cave was used periodically, and could have been used as a temporary storage place. In the final late Neolithic there is evidence to suggest that the cave was used as a human shelter. Probably 10 caves and rock shelters in the Archagellos area have been used as a pen for animals, however the entrance of this cave that would make this very difficult.