Location: Between Alepochori and Geraki
Entrance Orientation: S/E
Entrance Altitude: 350 m asl
Cave Formation: Horizontal
Cave Map: N/A
Main Research Years:
Occupation Dates and Eras:
CAVE A: Outer 4922-4360. Inner 4947-3362
CAVE B: 5300-4600BC, 4600-3900BC
Karkanas, P. 2002. Micromorphological Studies of Greek Prehistoric Sites: New Insites in the Interpretation of the Archaeological Record. Geoarchaeology 17(3): 237-59.
Tomkins, K. 2009. Domesticity by Default. Ritual, Ritualization and Cave-Use in the Neolithic Aegean. Oxford Journal of Archaeology 28(2): 125-153
Cave Description: The cave is located between Alepochori and Geraki, in the south of the Peloponnese region. Kouveleiki consists of two caves; A and B. The caves overlook the Vrontamas plain, the south-west part of the Parnon mountain. Cave A consists of two chambers one is 50 sq m and the other, 150 sq m, large fallen rocks divide the chambers. Cave B is located 50m from the entrance of A, the one chamber of Cave B, is 15x7x5m.
Research Chronicles and Data: The front chamber of Cave A is dominated by dry, almost totally burnt coprolites resulting from stabilising, most likely of sheep and/or goats. The dark back chamber of the cave was the main habitation area, where plastered floors were constructed by a mixture of burnt dung, derived from the seasonal pen, and red clay to be found in the plain in front of the cave. A micromorphological study of the sediment from his cave seemed to suggest the stabling of animals, but in truth only demonstrated the use of dung as a fuel alongside wood. The analysis of the dung showed that the animal were raised in a mixed farming context, they had not just lived in and around the cave.
Cave Uses: Agropastoral (A.a) - Cave A was probably used as a small seasonal pen and probably as a place for rudimentary activities. Cave B was similarly used as a complementary activity area. The findings consist of utility ware, not so fine as in Cave A, and lithic tools of obsidian mostly flakes, a burial in situ of a pre-adolescent and highly fragmented archaeozoological material supposing marrow extraction; all those indicate a consistent use of the cave during the late Neolithic period.