Kitsos cave was named after a famous villain of the 19th century. First a policeman and later a thief and a racketeer, Kitsos and his gang used the cave as a hide-out. Even the famous businessman of Lavrion mines Jean Baptiste Serpieri paid Kitsos protection money.
The cave was excavated in 1966 from the French Archaeological School at Athens under the direction of archaeologist N. Lambert. The finds proved that the cave was used intermittently from the Palaeolithic era (40,000 years BP) until the 19th century AD. The location of the cave with a view towards the south-eastern coastline of Attica and the western Cyclades, made it perhaps -as argued by the excavator- the perfect retreat and observation point. More information about the archaeology of Kitsos cave you can find in our website at
Balkan Cave Archaeology team visited the cave on the 23rd of June with a representative of the Ephorate of Speleology, in order to photograph the cave and to take microenvironmental samples.
We started quite late due to problems with the car rental company, but in the end we managed to collect some very interesting information regarding the interaction that the cave users had with the cave environment in the Neolithic. Next cave is going to be Leontari cave in Ymittos mountain.
Stay tuned from more info about Balkan Neolithic Caves.