OLocation: Kopaïs Basin. Area of Akraiphion. Boeotia
Entrance Orientation: SSW
Entrance Altitude: 180m asl
Cave Formation: Horizontal
Cave Map: pending
Main Research Years: Ongoing
Occupation Eras and Dates:
EN; MN; LN
Early Helladic; Mid Helladic.
Sampson, A. 2008. The Sarakenos Cave at Akraephinion, Boeotia, Greece. Athens: University of the Aegean.
Cave Description: The surface area of the cave is about 2400 sq m.
Research Chronicles and Data: The deposit layer in the cave is 5m thick. In trench A the excavation was completed at 3.25m. The result of this was the identification of 11 floors. There are few floors from the Early Neolithic and Middle Neolithic periods however after this, the excavators found successive floors and hearths, some of which were defined by stones. During the most intensive period of the occupation of this cave during the 4th millennium B.C., an extended floor of hard-packed earth with five post holes were uncovered. These holes were between 5.5cm and 9cm in diameter at a depth of 2.26m, which may indicate that partitions were built inside the cave for keeping animals.
Cave Uses: Storage (A.b.) - The cave was used for two main things; one being dwelling and storage. During the Middle Neolithic, it seems like the cave was used as seasonal habitation for herders as no large storage vessels were found. In the Late Neolithic there are hints that ceremonial activities may have taken place and / or mortuary practices. There is evidence for long term habitation, and a pen for animals. Later on in the Late Neolithic the excavator proposes that the pattern of transhumant herders may have used the cave as a place for storage and dwelling, due to the caves helpful location via the Kifissos river valley, in Boeotia.