Location: Kalambaka, 3km SE of Meteora. Entrance Orientation:
Entrance Altitude: 280m asl
Cave Formation: Horizontal
Main Research Years:
Occupation Eras and Dates:
9940-6780BC; 5996-5061BC; 4520-4050BC;
650-880AD; 1190-1280AD; 1220-1387AD; 1440-1640AD; 1670-1955AD.
Tomkins, K. 2009. Domesticity by Default. Ritual, Ritualization and Cave-Use in the Neolithic Aegean. Oxford Journal of Archaeology 28(2), 125-153.
Cave Description: This cave in North-West Thessaly is located near the southern bank of Lithaios stream. The cave has a very damp interior however it is not unsuitable for habitation, because the surface area is about 500 sq. m. Situated within the distinctive limestone rock formations that give the site its name ,Theopetra means Stone of the Gods, the cave entrance dominates the surrounding landscape.
Research Chronicles and Data: Recent pastoral activity has disturbed the layers. However a clay floor and thick multi-sequence burnt layers were evident in the cave, this suggests that there were open hearths. There is a sequence of alternating natural and anthropogenic episodes. The Neolithic layers include sherds, ornaments, figurines, spindle-whorls, loom weight, millstones baring ochre, ground stone tools, and more. Skeletons excavated in the cave exhibit above average health and an absence of typically Neolithic pathological conditions such as anaemia or malnutrition.