Entrance Orientation: SW
Cave Formation: Horizontal Karst
Cave Map: N/A
Main Research Years: 1939
Occupation Dates and Eras: Neolithic, Chalcolithic
Korkuti, M. 1995. Neolithikum und Chalkolithikum in Albanien. Mainz am Rhein: Internationale Interakademische Kommission fur die Erforschung der Vorgeschichte des Balkans, Monographieren 4. 198-199.
Cave Description: The prehistoric cave settlement of Velca counted by the locals as one of the caves of Skota, is found near the village Velca that spreads on the western slope of Griba-mountain, on the right bank of Shushica Valley in Bez. Vlora.
Research Chronicles and Data: At the beginning of the 1940's, D. Mustilli published a preliminary report and ten years later another article. Both, however, provide an insufficient picture about the settlement of Velca.
The 1939 excavation found flint tools of good quality. Among the finds were blades, burins and two arrowheads. The flint tools including axes and wedges are known types of the Neolithic. The ceramic material is richly represented. It covers, first, the painted and otherwise decorated, and secondly, the undecorated pottery.
The painted pottery has thin or moderate wall thicknesses and consists of pure, fine sand clay. It is occasionally polished. The ornamentation is filled with linear geometric ribbons or textures, like close zigzag and zigzag triangle motifs occurring in positive-negative combination. Of the painted colour pottery two different ceramic genera were formed. The first comprising of brown and reddish-brown pottery and the second painted pottery kind is black.
Although the painted pottery of Velca can not be placed in direct relationship to other sites, there are some resemblances. A particular genus constitutes the black pottery of Velca with the settlement Afiona on Corfu and the associate of H. Sotires on Leukas.
When comparing the Maliq I and Kamnik I-ceramic with from Velca, F. Prendi pointed out that on the painted pottery of Velca similar decorative elements occurred on the pottery of Maliq I, although visible differences existed. Entitling the excavators to believe that Velca was culturally different from Maliq I and Kamnik I, regardless of whether Velca was simultaneously of that cultural complex or not.
It is expected that future excavations in coastal plains, or on the coast of the Ionian Sea will provide new clues that allow a fuller understanding of the Neolithic and the characteristics. Then it would also be possible to more accurately classify the cave settlement of Velca culturally and chronologically.
Cave Uses: Agropastoral (A.a) - As a residential place served a south-west-facing cave with favourable living conditions.