Entrance Altitude: 628 m asl
Cave Formation: Horizontal
Cave Map: N/A
Main Research Years:
Occupation Dates and Eras: LN (late and final Neolithic), early to late Cycladic, Archaic, Classical, Hellenistic, EBA.
Tomkins, K. 2009. Domesticity by Default. Ritual, Ritualization and Cave-Use in the Neolithic Aegean. Oxford Journal of Archaeology 28(2): 125-153.
Cave Description: The maximum dimensions for this the main chamber within this cave is 100m x 50m. According to Zachos, the challenging internal and external topography may have made this cave difficult to live in. The cave itself is close to the summit of Mount Zas, the highest peak in the Cyclades and in this way controls the surrounding landscapes, it is not hidden or concealed.
Research Chronicles and Data: Hearths have been found however there is no architectural remains in any period. There are traces of red pigment on a stone pestle which could suggest a small amount of corporal inscription.
Cave Uses: Agrosapstoral (A.a) - Although the topography is difficult, the cave was inhabited for the majority of the year, possibly even during the winter, though it may have been occasionally deserted, indicated by the hearth. Because of the lack of evidence, this may have been because it was used as a cult space or for mortuary practices.